• NHS DPP National Rollout
  • Who Is At Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes?
  • How Does Type 2 Diabetes Affect The Body?
  • What Are The Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes?
  • I have some Diabetes symptoms. What now?
  • Diabetes Treatments
  • When to see your GP

  • NHS DPP National Rollout

    Healthier You: The NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme was launched in 2016 with a first wave of 27 areas covering 26 million people, 50% of the UK population, and vacating 20,000 places. The programme will be rolled out across the whole country by 2020 with an anticipated 100,000 referrals available each year after.

    Those referred will get tailored, bespoke assistance to help lower their risk of developing Type 2 diabetes including education on healthy eating and lifestyle, help to lose weight and personalised physical activity programmes, all of which together have been proven to reduce the risk of developing the disease.

    At present, there are 2.8 million people with Type 2 diabetes in England with around 200,000 new diagnoses every year. While Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented and isn't associated with one's lifestyle, Type 2 diabetes is mostly avoidable through making positive lifestyle alterations.

    One sixth of all people in hospital have diabetes – while diabetes is not commonly the reason for admission, they're regularly required to stay in hospital for longer, are more likely to be re admitted and their risk of passing away due to the disease and the complications that can be associated with it is higher.

    Find out which areas are taking part:

    Who Is At Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes?

    Type 2 diabetes often materialises in people above the age of 40, though in South Asian people, who are at greater risk, it isn't uncommon for it to form from the age of 25. It is also becoming increasingly apparent in children, adolescents and young people of all ethnicities.

    Type 2 diabetes accounts for around 85 and 95 per cent of all people with a diabetic condition and is medicated with a healthy diet and increased exercise. Further, medication and/or insulin are usually needed as part of the treatment. In Type 2 diabetes there is a lack of insulin (or the insulin isn’t functioning as it should), which means the cells are only partially unlocked leading to a build up of surplus glucose in the blood.

    How Does Type 2 Diabetes Affect The Body?


    When glucose builds up in the blood as opposed of being transported to cells, the cells are unable to operate and function. Other problems linked to the build-up of glucose in the blood include:

    • Dehydration. The build-up of sugar in the blood leads to excess glucose in the urine because the kidneys are unable to cope with the increased sugar levels. The sugar in the urine attracts water, leading to an increase in urination frequency. When the kidneys lose the glucose through the urine, a large amount of water is also lost, causing dehydration.
    • Diabetic coma (hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic non-ketotic syndrome).When a person with type 2 diabetes becomes severely dehydrated and is not able to drink enough fluids to make up for the fluid losses, they may develop this life-threatening complication.
    • Damage to the body. Over time, the elevated glucose levels in the blood can damage the nerves and predispose a person to atherosclerosis (narrowing) of the arteries that can lead to an increased risk of a heart attack, stroke, damage the eyes and kidneys.

    What Are The Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes?

    Type 2 diabetes can prompt distressing health complications. This is why it is vital to know how to spot type 2 diabetes symptoms. Even pre-diabetes can increase the chance of heart disease just like type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Talk to your doctor to discuss preventative measures you can put into action to reduce the probability of type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

    The symptoms of type 2 diabetes due to high blood sugar may include:

    • Increased thirst
    • Increased hunger (especially after eating)
    • Dry mouth
    • Frequent urination
    • Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
    • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
    • Blurred vision
    • Headaches
    • Loss of consciousness (rare)
    • Recurrent infections, including thrush infections

    I have some Diabetes symptoms. What now?

    If you believe you have some of the symptoms of diabetes, you should contact your GP. It doesn’t necessarily mean you have diabetes, but it is definitely worth getting yourself checked to be on the safe side. Early diagnosis, treatment and positive lifestyle changes, are vital for good health and to reduce the likelihood of developing serious complications.

    Diabetes Treatments

    There's a range of accessible treatments to help manage and control diabetes. Everybody is different, so treatment will vary depending on your own individual requirements. 

    If you have Type 1 diabetes, the condition will need to be treated with insulin, whereas if you have Type 2, you may be able to control your condition with good diet and physical activity with plenty of exercise.

    Your GP or a healthcare professional can help you find the right treatment to suit you and your lifestyle.

    Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, and over time you may need medication to help manage your blood sugar levels. Find out more about diabetes tablets and medication.

    Insulin- Everyone with Type 1 diabetes and some people with Type 2 diabetes are required to administer insulin to control blood sugar levels (also called blood glucose levels). 
Find out more about insulin.

    When to see your GP

    See your GP if you have any of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes, or you’re worried you may have a higher risk of developing it.

    Your GP can diagnose diabetes. You’ll need a blood test which you may have to go to your local health centre for if it can’t be done at your GP surgery.

    The earlier diabetes is diagnosed and treatment starts, the better. Treating diabetes in its early stages reduces your risk of other health problems

    If you are unable to speak to your GP and are unsure what to do next the call the NHS helpline on 111.

    Click here to find out more about the NHS diabetes prevention and awareness programme.