Scabies


What is Scabies?

Scabies is a common and very itchy skin condition caused by human scabies mites. The mites which cause scabies are tiny parasites. They are usually picked up by direct skin contact with someone who already has scabies, and rarely from objects such as clothing or bedding. People with scabies have an average of about a dozen adult mites on their skin. Scabies is an infestation. Tiny mites called Sarcoptes scabiei set up shop in the outer layers of the human skin. As the mites burrow and lay eggs inside the skin, the infestation leads to relentless itching and an angry rash. Tiny mites lay eggs in the skin, leaving silvery lines with a dot in one end. The rash can appear anywhere, but often starts between the fingers. The rash then spreads and turns into red spots. This is a guide to check if you have scabies and what the appearance would be. The rash of scabies is a mixture of scratch marks and red scaly areas; later it can become infected and develop small pus spots. The itchy rash covers much of the skin but the mites are found mainly in the web spaces of the fingers and on the palms of the hands, wrists, ankles and soles of the feet. The scabies mites burrow into the skin in these areas to lay their eggs. Burrows appear as small greyish lines on the skin. Adult mines are tiny, only about 0.4mm long, appearing through a lens as a tiny dry dark dot lying at the end of the burrow. Scabies is widespread in densely populated areas with limited access to medical care in places such as Africa, India, Southeast Asia and many others.


What are the Symptoms of Scabies?

• Itching

• Rash

• Mite tunnels or burrows- These cause short lines on the skin up to a centimetre long

• Scratching

• Worsening of other skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis and acne

• Sores scratching the itchy rash can cause sores which develop into an infection.


What are the Risk Factors of Scabies?

The main risk factor of developing scabies is direct skin to skin contact for example a handshake with a person that has scabies. Another risk factor is infested items such as towel, bedding, clothing, furniture. Having a weakened immune system also increases the risk of contracting scabies.

 


How can Scabies be managed?

• Scabies Lyclear Cream Treatment

• When taking the medication the following precautions are recommended

• Wash all bedding and clothing in the house at a high temperature on the first day of treatment to help kill the mites and stop them from spreading again after applying the medication

• Put clothing that can’t be washed in a sealed bag for 3 days until the mites die

• Stop babies and children sucking treatment from their hands by putting socks or mittens in them

• Don’t have sex or close physical contact until you’ve completed the full course of the treatment

• Don’t share bedding, clothing or towels with someone that has scabies